Quiz - Leveling Off

This is the time for New Year’s Resolutions, and some of the perennial favorites are eating better, losing weight, or starting an exercise program. You can combine all those declarations into one by resolving to keep your cholesterol levels in a healthy range. Cholesterol, which is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), can build up inside the walls of blood vessel, causing plaque, which in turn can cause heart attack or stroke. Take this quiz to learn more about how cholesterol can be helpful or harmful. Answers are below.

1. Your body needs cholesterol to work well.
A. True
B. False

2. Men should have their blood cholesterol levels tested every 5 years starting at age 35. Women should do the same, starting at age ___.
A. 35 as well
B. 40
C. 45
D. 50

3. A low HDL cholesterol level is good.
A. True
B. False

4. LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol. To lower your LDL level, you should:
A. Eat a healthier diet
B. Lose weight (if you are overweight)
C. Exercise
D. Take cholesterol-lowering medication if necessary
E. All of the above

5. Eating right is part of keeping cholesterol levels in a healthy range. What foods are naturally low in fat?
A. Donuts, cookies, crackers
B. Hard cheeses
C. Red meat
D. Fruits and vegetables
E. Milk and ice cream

Answers:

1. A. True. Cholesterol is manufactured in the liver and is needed for normal body functions including the production of hormones. But highly elevated levels can harm you, and many foods in the average diet, such as beef and cheese, contain cholesterol.

2. C. 45. People of either gender may need to be tested more often and at a younger age if they have risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes or blood flow problems to the feet or legs.

3. B. False. HDL is known as the “good” cholesterol, therefore a higher level is better. For men, it should be above 40 mg/dL; for women, above 50 mg/dL.

4. E. All of the above. Answers A, B, and C are good habits even if your cholesterol levels are in the normal range. They may help prevent future heart attacks and other health problems.

5. D. Fruits and vegetables. You can still eat the other foods listed, but sparingly. Choose leaner meats, such as fish and skinless chicken, and skim or 1% percent milk.

Source: The Healthy Encyclopedia at www.sjchs.org/HealthInformation. Visit us to learn more about your body and your health.
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